General Conditions for Deliveries and Services for Use in Transactions with Business Customers
1. Scope of these conditions
1.1 These General Terms and Conditions of Business (“these Terms”) shall govern the rights and obligations concerning the provision of items (e.g. products, devices, overall systems; the “Deliveries”) and services (e.g. installation, assembly, calibration, repair; the “Services”) by Rohde & Schwarz DVS GmbH (“DVS”) to business customers, legal entities of public law or special funds under public law (the “Customer”). These Terms form part of the contract which is brought about through DVS’ order confirmation following the Customer’s order. In case of any conflicts between the provisions of the order confirmation and these Terms, the provisions of the order confirmation shall take precedence. Any deviating or supplementing contractual terms of the Customer shall be excluded and shall not apply even if DVS does not explicitly object to them.
1.2 The regulations of the German Institute of Electrical Engineers (Verband Deutscher Elektrotechniker, “VDE”) shall apply to all Deliveries and/or Services insofar as these are relevant for the safety of the Deliveries and/or Services and these Terms do not provide for any deviating regulations in this respect. Deviations from the VDE are permissible insofar as the same level of safety is achieved by other means.
1.3 Documents, e.g. illustrations, drawings, weights, performance specifications in brochures, cost estimates and data sheets, etc., do not constitute any guarantees as per § 443 BGB (German Civil Code), but performance descriptions. DVS reserves the right to make any alterations due to and justified by technical advancements, even after confirmation of the order.
1.4 Except with the express prior written consent of DVS, the Customer shall not be entitled to reproduce, copy, make available to third parties or otherwise disclose the documents mentioned in Section 1.3 above or to use them in any manner conflicting with DVS’ interests. If the order is not placed with DVS, the documents shall be returned to DVS immediately upon request. The preceding sentences 1 and 2 shall apply correspondingly to the Customer’s documents provided to DVS; the documents provided to DVS may, however, be made available to those third parties whom DVS has rightfully subcontracted to perform any Deliveries and/or Services.
2.1 Prices are for Deliveries (for Services, see Section 8)
- Ex Works within the European Union, the forwarding agent being chosen by DVS
- Ex Works outside the European Union, at a location specified by DVS
according to INCOTERMS 2010, ICC Publication Section 715 ED, unless these Terms provide differently.
Prices are in Euro (€), plus VAT, if any, at the statutory rate applicable from time to time. To be added are any and all taxes, customs duties or charges as well as consular or legalisation fees possibly levied even according to the rules of a law other than the law applicable pursuant to Section 13.1. Customary packaging is included in the price; any costs arising for packing of antennas, installations and systems as well as special packaging requested by the Customer will be charged separately.
2.2 Prices reflect the cost situation for DVS at the time of conclusion of the contract. If any costs change before the day of delivery / performance of service, DVS reserves the right to adjust the prices provided that the Deliveries and/or Services are to be carried out as agreed more than four (4) months after conclusion of contract.
3. Reservation of title
3.1 Title to delivered items (“Retained Goods”) is retained by DVS until all claims and receivables of DVS against the Customer under the business relation (including any current account receivables) are satisfied, insofar as this is permissible under the law of the country in whose territory the Retained Goods are located as agreed upon. If such law does not permit reservation of title to the Retained Goods, but permits reservation of similar rights, DVS shall be entitled to assert such rights. The Customer commits to support all measures taken in order to protect the title to or security interests in the Retained Goods.
3.2 Insofar as the title of DVS to the Retained Goods expires through combination with another item, DVS acquires co-ownership to the new item on proportional basis, i.e. at the ratio the value of the combined Retained Goods (final invoice amount including VAT) bears to the other combined items at the time of combination. If the Retained Goods are combined in such a manner that the items of the Customer are to be regarded as the main item, DVS and the Customer hereby agree that the Customer assigns to DVS proportionate co-ownership to such item. DVS hereby accepts such assignment. Any costs incurred by DVS in connection with the enforcement of its claims as co-owner will be borne by the Customer.
3.3 Insofar as the value of all security interests to which DVS is entitled under this Section 3 exceeds the amount of all secured claims and receivables by more than ten percent (10%), DVS will release a corresponding portion of the security interests in the Retained Goods at the Customer’s request; however, DVS may select the Retained Goods to be released.
3.4 The Customer may resell the Retained Goods within the ordinary course of business. The Customer hereby assigns to DVS its claims under the resale of the Retained Goods. The assignment includes all ancillary rights and those claims of the Customer regarding the Retained Goods which arise on a different legal ground against its buyers or third parties (in particular, claims based on tort and claims to insurance benefits) as well as all current account receivables in the amount of the claims and receivables owing to DVS. DVS hereby accepts the assignment.
3.5 The Customer shall be entitled to collect the assigned claim as long as it satisfies its payment obligations vis-à-vis DVS. In case of the Customer’s payment default, DVS will be entitled to revoke this power of collection. The Customer may not assign such claims, however, in order to have them collected by way of factoring, unless the Customer obligates the factor irrevocably to effect the counter-performance directly to DVS for as long as DVS still has receivables against the purchaser.
3.6 The Customer shall immediately inform DVS of any seizures, attachments or other dispositions or interventions by third parties. If the third party is unable to reimburse DVS for the court or out-of-court costs incurred by DVS in this connection, the Customer shall be liable therefore.
3.7 DVS shall have the right to withdraw from the contract and take back the delivery items if the Customer violates any obligations, especially in case of payment delay; the Customer shall be obliged to return the delivery items.
3.8 If the Deliveries and/or Services consist of software, the Customer shall not acquire title, but solely the rights specified in Section 9.
4. Terms of payment
4.1 All payments shall be made to DVS within thirty (30) calendar days from the invoice date without any deductions.
4.2 For orders amounting to a total value of more than € 150,000 net, a down-payment of thirty percent (30%) plus proportionate VAT shall be made upon placing of the order. DVS shall not be obliged to pay any interest on the down-payment.
4.3 DVS reserves the right to demand security for payment and/or advance payments.
4.4 The Customer may set off payments only against such claims or assert a right of retention only with respect to such claims which are uncontested or established with non-appealable effect. A right of retention of the Customer on the ground of contested counterclaims or counterclaims not established with non-appealable effect under any other contractual relations shall be excluded. The Customer shall be entitled to assert a right of retention only on the ground of such claims which derive from the same contract as the corresponding counterclaim of DVS.
4.5 If the Customer is in delay of payment, DVS reserves the right, without waiving any other rights, to charge annual interest of eight (8) percentage points above the official basic rate of interest of the Deutsche Bundesbank.
4.6 All agreed price discounts on the prices shown in the contract and all agreed rebates of any kind whatsoever will cease to apply entirely if the Customer is fully or partially in default to DVS with its payment and acceptance obligations.
4.7 The place of payment shall be Hannover.
5. Periods for Deliveries and/or Services
5.1 Compliance by DVS with the periods for Deliveries and/or Services requires that all obligations of the Customer are fulfilled properly and in due time, in particular, that all documents, approvals and releases to be furnished by the Customer are received by DVS in time, and that such other obligations are satisfied which are required for the Deliveries and/or Services by DVS to be carried out properly and in due time. If such requirements are not satisfied in time, the periods shall be extended accordingly, plus a reasonable restart period. If a down-payment according to Section 4.2 or a corresponding agreement between the contracting parties has to be made, the preceding sentence shall apply correspondingly.
5.2. If the obligations of DVS according to the INCOTERMS applicable according to Section 2.1 above are fulfilled, the periods will be deemed complied with.
5.3 If the Deliveries and/or Services are delayed for reasons attributable to Customer’s responsibility, the periods shall be deemed complied with upon notification of the readiness for dispatch and service within the agreed periods.
5.4 If non-compliance with the periods for Deliveries and/or Services is due to force majeure, e.g. mobilisation, war, riot or similar events such as, but not limited to, strike, lockout or the occurrence of other unforeseen events, the periods will be extended accordingly, plus a reasonable restart period. The events of force majeure shall include any sovereign acts, such as, but not limited to, the refusal of a required governmental approval in spite of an application having been properly filed, transport restrictions and restrictions of energy consumption, but also general shortage of raw materials and common supplies as well as other reasons, such as non-delivery or late delivery by suppliers, beyond the control of DVS.
5.5 If DVS is in delay exclusively by its own fault, the Customer may – if it can prove that it suffered damage owing to the delay – demand, from the third full week, liquidated damages equal to zero point five percent (0.5%) for each further full week of delay up to a total of five percent (5%) of the value of the delayed part of the Deliveries and/or Services.
5.6 Claims of the Customer for compensation of the default damage due to the delayed Delivery and/or Service and any further claims for damages exceeding in total the limit of five percent (5%) as provided in Section 5.5 shall be excluded in all cases of delayed delivery, even after expiry of any extension period granted to DVS.
5.7 The Customer may withdraw from the contract in accordance with the statutory provisions only if the default damage has reached the upper limit of five percent (5%) specified in Section 5.6.
5.8 At the request of DVS, the Customer shall state within a reasonable period whether it will withdraw from the contract due to delayed Deliveries and/or Services and/or whether it will claim damages in lieu of performance or damages in addition to performance or will insist on the Delivery and/or Service. Claims based on default will become statute-barred within six (6) months from their accrual and knowledge, or grossly negligent lack of knowledge, of the Customer.
5.9 If the dispatch or delivery is delayed at the Customer’s request (or for other reasons within the Customer’s scope of responsibility), the Customer may be charged storage costs equal to zero point five percent (0.5%) of the invoice amount for each commenced month, starting on the first day after notification of the readiness for dispatch; the storage charge shall be limited to a maximum of five percent (5%) of the invoice amount. The parties shall be entitled to prove higher or lower storage costs.
6. Delivery / acceptance
6.1 If acceptance is agreed, the contractual Deliveries and/or Services must be accepted/received by the Customer, even if they show minor defects.
6.2 Early delivery and partial delivery shall be permissible insofar as reasonable for the Customer.
6.3 If acceptance is agreed and DVS demands the acceptance of the contractual Deliveries and/or Services after completion, the Customer shall make such acceptance immediately, but no later than within two (2) weeks. If the Customer fails to make acceptance in due time or refuses acceptance without justification, the acceptance shall be deemed made. The acceptance shall likewise be deemed to be made if the Deliveries – as applicable after completion of an agreed trial period – have been put to use.
7. Transfer of risk
The risk shall pass to the Customer:
7.1 for (partial) Deliveries without Services in accordance with the INCOTERMS as stipulated in Section 2.1;
7.2 for (partial) Deliveries with Services on the day the Customer puts the Deliveries into operation, if a trial run has been agreed, after defect-free trial run. This requires that the trial run or the putting into operation takes place immediately after ready-for-operation installation or assembly. Otherwise, the risk shall pass to the Customer upon installation or assembly for operation;
7.3 for any period by which the dispatch, delivery, beginning or performance of the agreed services is delayed at the request of the Customer or for reasons within its responsibility (default of acceptance). DVS is prepared, however, to undertake the required safeguards at the request and cost of the Customer.
8.1 As regards the invoicing of Services, the valid DVS’ Services Price List from time to time shall apply. In addition, the DVS Supplementary Conditions for Services in DVS Service Centers and On-Site at the Customer, as amended, shall apply with priority.
8.2 Cost estimates are non-binding and will be made by separate agreement. Unless agreed otherwise, the costs for preparation hereof are included in the price and will be charged separately if the order for the Services is not placed.
8.3 Prior to commencing the performance of Services, the items to be provided by the Customer must be available completely, i.e. including the accessory parts and, if products of a third party are concerned, also including the operating instructions, descriptions and part lists. The shipment and return shall be at the cost and risk of the Customer. All preparatory work to be provided by the Customer must have been fulfilled before the beginning of the installation to such extent that the Services can be carried out immediately upon arrival of the staff assigned by DVS and without interruption.
8.4 All supporting personnel, ancillary work outside DVS’ industry, articles and substances of consumption, operating power, water, connections and supply lines, protective gear and protective devices, suitable rooms (including those for storage of material) must be procured and provided in the required quality and suitability by the Customer in due time and at its own cost. Official approvals, including those for the stay of persons, must also be obtained by the Customer in due time and at its cost, and any site-specific accident prevention regulations must be communicated.
8.5 Before the beginning of the performance of Services, the Customer must provide without request all necessary information regarding the position of hidden lines and the required structural data.
8.6 DVS shall be free to decide where the Services shall be performed insofar as the Services cannot be performed at one place only.
8.7 If performance of the Services is delayed by circumstances, especially at the construction site or at the place of performance, without the fault of DVS, the Customer shall reimburse DVS for all cost resulting from this, including the costs for waiting time and additional required travels of staff.
9.1 DVS grants the Customer the non-exclusive right to use the contractual computer programmes and the related documentation (computer programmes and related documentation are collectively referred to as the “Software”) exclusively for the operation of the hardware intended or supplied therefore. The right of use is limited to the agreed period of time; in the absence of such an agreement, the right of use shall be unlimited in time. In particular, the right to use the Software shall not include the right to translate, lease, lend, sublicense or the right to distribute, publicly reproduce or make the Software available online to third parties outside the Customer’s company. Furthermore, the right to use the Software shall not include the right to reproduce the Software unless such reproduction is necessary for the operation of the hardware intended or supplied therefore or to produce a backup copy. Save as provided otherwise by mandatory law or written contractual regulations, the Customer shall not be authorised to modify, decompile, disassemble or otherwise reverse engineer the Software, whether in whole or in part, in order to acquire the source code.
9.2 DVS grants the Customer the right, which may be revoked in case of good cause, to transfer to third parties the right to use the Software granted to the Customer. The Customer may transfer the right to use the Software to third parties only together with the hardware which the Customer acquired together with the Software from DVS or for which the Software of DVS is intended. In that case, the Customer will impose the above obligations and restrictions on the third party.
9.3 The Software will be provided solely in machine-readable form (object code) and without source code or source code documentation.
9.4 All other rights to the Software shall remain with DVS.
10. Liability for material defects
10.1 If Deliveries and/or Services show a material defect, DVS shall at its option and free of charge for the Customer repair, replace or reperform (“subsequent performance”) such Deliveries and/or Services if the cause of such defect was present at the time of the transfer of the risk according to Section 7.
10.2 Claims of the Customer based on material defects shall become statute-barred after twelve (12) months from the date of delivery according to Section 2.1 and 5.2 or acceptance according to Section 6.
This shall not apply if the law provides for extended periods pursuant to § 438 (1) No. 2 (buildings and items for buildings) and § 634 a (1) No. 2 (defects in construction) BGB (German Civil Code) as well as in cases of intent, fraudulent concealment of the defect or non-compliance with a guaranteed quality.
10.3 The Customer shall immediately give detailed written notice of any material defects to DVS. If the defect notification was unjustified, DVS shall be entitled to demand reimbursement from the Customer for any expenses incurred by DVS.
10.4 DVS shall always be afforded two opportunities to make subsequent performance within a reasonable period. If such subsequent performance fails, the Customer may withdraw from the contract or reduce the compensation, notwithstanding any claims for damages according to Section 12.
10.5 Claims based on material defects shall not arise where the deviation from the agreed quality is only minor and/or where the usability is impaired only insignificantly.
10.5.1 Furthermore, claims based on material defects shall not arise in case of damage occurring after the passing of the risk (e.g. following incorrect or negligent handling, excessive stress, unsuitable operational facilities, deficient construction work, inappropriate construction site) or in case of usual wear and tear of the objects.
10.5.2 In addition, the Customer cannot make any claims based on material defects for damage which results from particular external influences (e.g. chemical, electrochemical, electrical or atmospheric) after transfer of risk which are not provided for in the contract.
10.5.3 Claims based on material defects shall also be excluded for any modifications or repairs carried out by the Customer or by third parties, and for the resulting consequences.
10.6 Expenses necessary for the purpose of the subsequent performance, in particular transportation, travel, labour and material costs, will be borne by DVS only if the delivered item has not been taken, contrary to its intended use, to a place other than the place of delivery. If the delivered item, following its intended use, was taken to a place other than the place of delivery, DVS will be responsible only for those expenses that would have been incurred if the Customer had not transferred the item; in such case, any additional costs of the subsequent performance caused by such transfer shall be borne by the Customer.
Software is considered to have a material defect only if the Customer can prove that there are reproducible deviations from the specifications. A material defect shall not be deemed to exist, however, if it does not manifest itself in the latest version of the Software supplied to the Customer and the use thereof by the Customer can reasonably be required. Furthermore, the Customer will not have any claims based on material defects if the material defect is based on any of the following circumstances: (i) incompatibility of the Software with the data processing environment used by the Customer, (ii) use of the Software together with software supplied by third parties unless this is expressly provided for in the documentation of DVS or is otherwise permitted by DVS in writing; (iii) improper maintenance of the Software by the Customer or third parties.
10.8 Any additional claims based on material defects are excluded.
11. Liability for defects of title / infringement of intellectual property rights 11.1 DVS shall be obliged to perform the Deliveries and/or Services free from defects of title, e.g. industrial property rights and copyrights of third parties (“Intellectual Property Rights”), only in the country of the place of delivery. If a third party asserts justified claims against the Customer due to the infringement of Intellectual Property Rights resulting from the contractual use of DVS Deliveries and/or Services, DVS shall be liable to the Customer within the period stipulated in Section 10.2 as follows:
11.1.1 DVS shall, at its option and cost, either obtain a right to use the concerned Deliveries and/or Services, or modify them to prevent an infringement of the Intellectual Property Right, or replace them.
11.1.2 If this is not possible for DVS under reasonable conditions, the Customer shall have the statutory rights to withdraw from the contract or to reduce the contract price as well as the right to claim damages according to Section 12.
11.1.3 The above obligations of DVS shall apply only on the condition that the Customer immediately informs DVS in writing about any claims asserted by third parties, that the Customer does not acknowledge any infringements, and that the right of DVS to conduct any defence measures or settlement negotiations shall be unaffected. If the Customer ceases to use the Deliveries or Services on the ground of claims by third parties, the Customer shall make sure, such as by express notice to the third party, that the cessation of use does not constitute an acknowledgement of an infringement of Intellectual Property Rights.
11.2 Claims of the Customer based on defects of title shall be excluded insofar as the Customer is responsible for the infringement of the Intellectual Property Rights.
11.3 Claims of the Customer shall also be excluded insofar as the infringement of the Intellectual Property Rights is caused by specific Customer requirements, through any use which was not foreseeable for DVS or because of the Customer modifying the Deliveries and/or Services or using them together with products not delivered by DVS.
11.4 Any further claims based on defects of title shall be excluded.
12.1 DVS shall be liable without limitation for damage caused with intent, for guarantees given in writing and in case of culpable damage to life, body or health. The liability under the mandatory provisions of product liability law applicable from time to time shall remain unaffected.
12.2 Otherwise, the liability of DVS towards the Customer, no matter on what legal ground, including delay (Section 5.5), shall be limited in aggregate to an amount equal to fifteen percent (15%) of the agreed remuneration.
12.3 Notwithstanding the liability according to Section 12.1 and Section 5.5, DVS shall not be liable for financial loss or consequential damages, for loss of profit, loss of production, interruption of business, contractual claims of third parties, lost usage, financing expenditure, interest loss and claims under a covering purchase as well as for loss of data, information and programmes as a result of a software error.
12.4 Subject to the liability by mandatory law (Section 12.1), the limitation period for any liability claims shall be twelve (12) months from accrual and knowledge, or grossly negligent lack of knowledge, of the Customer. Section 10.2 remains unaffected thereby.
12.5 Any further liability of DVS shall be excluded.
13. Applicable law / place of jurisdiction
13.1 The contractual relations between DVS and the Customer shall be governed exclusively by German law, excluding the conflict-of-law rules. The application of the UN Convention on Conflicts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) shall be excluded.
13.2 The courts of Hannover shall have exclusive jurisdiction for any disputes arising directly or indirectly from the contractual relationship, provided that the Customer is a businessman, a legal entity under public law or a special fund under public law. DVS shall also have the right to take legal action at the Customer’s domicile.
14. Validity of the contract
14.1 If any provisions of the contract are invalid, the remaining provisions shall continue to be in force. This shall not apply if adherence to the contract would constitute an unreasonable hardship for one of the parties.
14.2 All agreements, including covenants, must be made in written form to be valid. This form requirement can be waived only in writing.
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